b. 23 February 1417
r. 30 August 1464
d. 26 July 1471
Similar patterns prevailed among the clergy and educated humanists. Charges against Paul II and Julius II centred around their seduction of much younger men; Cellini’s autobiography records a beautiful and talented youth, Luigi Pulci, who made a career out of service to Roman bishops.
Paul II died, on July 26, 1471 of a stroke, allegedly whilst being sodomized by a page boy. After his death, one of his successors suggested that he should rather have been called Maria Pietissima, “Our Lady of Pity”, because he was inclined to break into tears at times of crisis. Some historians have suggested the nickname was rather due either to Paul propensity to enjoy dressing up in sumptuous ecclesiastical finery, or his likely homosexuality.
The intimate living arrangements of the all-male clerical world and the opportunities that educational and religious duties afforded for privacy and empiotional intimacy, while not themselves “causes” of of homosexuality, may have contributed circumstantially to their expression. Priests in fifteenth century Venice and Stuart Sussex were convicted of sex with young parishioners, unpublished records of church trials in Loreto, Italy, in the 1570’s detail the activities of a choirboy who slept successively with various older monks……
- bound the future pope to continue the Turkish war;
- forbade him to journey outside Rome without the consent of the cardinals;
- limited the number of cardinals to a maximum of twenty-four,
- all creations of new cardinals were to be made only with the consent of the College of Cardinals.
- Upon taking office, Paul II was to convene an ecumenical council within three years.
- Boswell, John: Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the 14th Century
- Duberman, Martin Bauml: Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay & Lesbian Past
- Duffy, Eamonn: Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes
- Fletcher, Lynne Y: The First Gay Pope and Other Records
- Quattrocchi, Angelo: The Pope is Not Gay!
- Boswell, John: Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century
- Duberman, Martin Bauml:Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past
- Duffy, Eamonn: Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes; Third Edition
- Fletcher, Lynne Y: First Gay Pope
- Quattrocchi, Angelo: The Pope Is Not Gay!
- Gay Popes, Papal Sodomites
- Gay Popes: Julius II
- Gay Popes: Julius III
- Gay Popes: Benedict IX
- Gay Popes: John XII
- Gay Popes: Sixtus IV
- Gay Popes: Leo X
- Cardinal Francesco Maria de’ Medici, Gay Cardinal?
- Cardinal Borghese (1576 – 1633), Patron ofHomoerotc Art
- Cardinal Carlo Carafa, gay cardinal.
- Gay Cardinals: Francesco Maria Del Monte (1549 – 1627)
- Gay Cardinals: Francis Jopseph Spellman
- St. Paulinus of Nola, bishop and homoerotic poet
- St Venantius Fortunatus, Bishop and Homoerotic Poet
- Gay Bishops: Ralph of Tours (Promiscuos, Gay) and John of Orleans
- Anselm of Canterbury: Gay Bishop, Gay Protector. 21/04